We all know that the Quran consists of 30 parts, and we know that there are 114 surahs (chapters) in total., but is there any difference between the chapters? The holy Quran is divided into Meccan and Medinan surahs.

Some of which was revealed to our beloved prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) during his residence in Macca, therefore they were called Meccan surahs. The other surahs were revealed to the prophet during his residence in Madinah, hence they were called Medinan surahs.

We know that the verses of the holy Quran were revealed to the prophet over a period of 23 years. But what is the difference between Mecca and Madina surah? What are their characteristics, and which surahs are Meccan and which are Medinan, let’s find out.

Difference between the Meccan and Medinan surahs.

what is the difference between Mecca and Madina Surah? The differences between Meccan and Madina surahs can be divided based on the subject matter of the surahs, the manner of the address of the surahs, and the length of the surahs. Here are the main differences based on the characteristics of Makkah and Madinah surah.

1. The manner of the address of the surahs.

The Meccan surahs address people with strength and sternness, why? Because the surahs were directed to the disbelievers. Most people at that time refused to believe in Allah and his prophet. They chose to turn away and treat the prophet and the people who believed in him with arrogance. An example of Makki surahs is surah Al-Qamar.

While Medinan surahs address the people in a kind way. Why, because the surahs are directed to Muslims to show them how to live their lives. An example of Madani surahs is surah al-Maidah.

2. Length of the surahs.

Among the characteristics of Meccan surahs is that the verses of the Meccan surahs are shorter than the verses of the Medinan surahs. The Meccan surahs are shorter and are strong in their argument against the disbelievers, for instance, surah al-Toor. While the Medinan surahs are longer and discuss the rulings and laws of Islam.

3. The subject matter of the surahs.

The subject matter of the Makki and Madani Surahs differs greatly. The Meccan surahs are about Tawheed and Islamic beliefs. It explains matters like the day of judgment, resurrection, and worshipping Allah.

At the beginning of Islam, people didn’t believe in the day of judgment, and they used to worship many Gods. Therefore, the verses were directed to them to show them that there is no god but Allah and that they will be punished on the day of judgment for all their sins and bad deeds.

Among the characteristics of Madinah surahs is that they discuss the Islamic faith and laws. The verses show Muslims how to live their lives, how to pray, and how to worship Allah.

In Madinah, detailed elaboration is given to the rules concerning Jihad and dealing with the hypocrites and their conditions in accordance with prevailing situations. That is because Jihad was required and hypocrisy had appeared in the Madinan era. This was not the case in Makkah. (See Usool at-Tafseer of Ibn Uthaimeen)

These were the differences and the main characteristics of Makkah and Medinah surahs.

What is Meccan and Madani surahs?

The holy Quran is divided into two divisions which are Meccan and Madani surahs. The Meccan surahs are the surahs that were revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) during his residence in Mecca.

While Medinan surahs were revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) after his migration to Madinah.

Meccan surahs mainly focus on and discuss matters such as Tawheed (monotheism), the day of judgment and the afterlife, the punishment of the disbelievers, and Prophethood. Additionally, they are shorter than the Madani surahs.

On the other hand, Medinan Suras are longer and deal with topics regarding faith, Islamic rulings, and worshipping Allah. they were revealed to teach Muslims how to live their lives. In short, Meccan and Madani surahs differ in the subject matter, length, and style.

What is Meccan Surah?

The Meccan surahs are the surahs that were revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) during his residence in Mecca. Meccan Suras deals with topics such as monotheism, the afterlife, and Prophethood.

How many Meccan surahs are there? The total number of the Meccan surahs are 96 surahs. Some of the famous Meccan surahs are Al-Fatihah (The Opening), Al-Baqarah (The Cow), and An-Nisa.

Here is a list of surahs revealed in Makkah:

Chapters Name Makki/Madani Verses
Al-Fatiha  Makki 7
Al-An’am  Makki 165
Al-Araf  Makki 206
Yunus Makki 109
Hud  Makki 123
Yusuf  Makki 111
Ibrahim Makki 52
Al-Hijr Makki 99
An-Nahl  Makki 128
Al-Israa  Makki 111
Al-Kahf  Makki 110
Maryam  Makki 98
Taha Makki 135
Al-Anbya Makki 112
Al-Furqan Makki 77
Surah Ash-Shuaraa Makki 227
Surah An-Naml  Makki 93
Surah Al-Qasas Makki 88
Surah Al-Ankabut  Makki 69
Surah Ar-Rum Makki 60
Surah Luqman  Makki 34
Surah As-Sajda  Makki 30
Surah Saba Makki 54
Surah Fatir  Makki 45
Surah Yaseen Makki 83
Surah As-Saffat  Makki 182
Surah Sad Makki 88
Surah Az-Zumar  Makki 75
Surah Al-Mumin  Makki 85
Surah Ha-Mim  Makki 54
Surah Ash-Shura  Makki 53
Surah Az-Zukhruf  Makki 89
Surah Ad-Dukhan  Makki 59
Surah Al-Jathiya  Makki 37
Surah Al-Ahqaf  Makki 35
Surah Qaf Makki 45
Surah Az-Zariyat  Makki 60
Surah At-Tur  Makki 49
Surah An-Najm  Makki 62
Surah Al-Qamar  Makki 55
Surah Al-Waqi’a  Makki 96
Surah Mulk Makki 30
Surah Al-Qalam  Makki 52
Surah Al-Haqqa  Makki 52
Surah Al-Ma’arij  Makki 44
Surah Noah  Makki 28
Surah Al-Jinn  Makki 28
Surah Al-Muzzammil  Makki 20
Surah Al-Muddathth  Makki 56
Surah Al-Qiyamat  Makki 40
Surah Al-Mursalat  Makki 50
Surah An-Nabaa  Makki 40
Surah An-Naziat  Makki 46
Surah Abasa  Makki 42
Surah At-Takwir  Makki 29
Surah Al-Infitar  Makki 19
Surah Al-Mutaffife  Makki 36
Surah Al-Inshiqaq  Makki 25
Surah Al-Buruj  Makki 22
Surah At-Tariq  Makki 17
Surah Al-Ala  Makki 19
Surah Al-Gashiya  Makki 26
Surah Al-Fajr  Makki 30
Surah Al-Balad  Makki 20
Surah Ash-Shams  Makki 15
Surah Al-Lail  Makki 21
Surah Duha  Makki 11
Surah Al-Sharh  Makki 8
Surah At Tin  Makki 8
Surah Al-Alaq  Makki 19
Surah Al-Qadr  Makki 5
Surah Al-Adiyat  Makki 11
Surah Al-Qaria Makki 11
Surah At-Takathur  Makki 8
Surah Al-Asr Makki 3
Surah Al-Humaza  Makki 9
Surah Al-Fil  Makki 5
Surah Quraish Makki 4
Surah Al-Maun  Makki 7
Surah Kausar  Makki 3
Surah Al-Kafirun  Makki 6
Surah Al-Lahab  Makki 5
Surah Al-Ikhlas  Makki 4
Surah Al-Falaq  Makki 5
Surah An-Nas Makki 6

What is Madani surah?

Medinan surahs were revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) after his migration to Madinah. The Medinan Suras are longer and discuss topics such as the Islamic faith, Islamic laws, and how to live a good life as a Muslim.

How many Madani surahs are there? The total number of the Medinan surahs are 28 surahs. Which was revealed to our beloved prophet during his residence in Madinah.

Here is a list of surahs revealed in Madinah:

Chapters Name Makki/Madani Verses
Al-Baqarah Madni 286
Ali ‘Imran  Madni 200
An-Nisa Madni 176
Al-Ma’idah  Madni 120
Al-Anfal Madni 75
At-Tawbah Madni 129
Ar-Ra’d Madni 43
Al-Hajj Madni 78
An-Nur  Madni 64
Surah Al-Ahzab Madni 73
Surah Muhammad  Madni 38
Surah Al-Fath  Madni 29
Surah Al-Hujurat  Madni 18
Surah Ar Rahman  Madni 78
Surah Al-Hadid  Madni 29
Surah Al-Mujadila  Madni 22
Surah Al-Hashr  Madni 24
Surah Al-Mumtahana  Madni 13
Surah As-Saff  Madni 14
Surah Al-Jumu’ah  Madni 11
Surah Al-Munafiqun  Madni 11
Surah At-Tagabun  Madni 18
Surah At-Talaq  Madni 12
Surah At-Tahrim  Madni 12
Surah Ad-Dahr  Madni 31
Surah Al-Baiyina Madni 8
Surah Al-Zalzalah Madni 8
Surah An-Nasr  Madni 3

How many Surahs does Makkan and Madinan have?

The holy Quran consists of 114 surahs among them 86 surahs are Makkan surahs and 28 are Madinan surahs. Why were they called Makkan and Madinan surahs? Because the Makkan surahs were revealed to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) during his residence in Mecca. While Madani surahs were revealed to the prophet during his residence in Madinah.


Here is a Meccan and Medinan suras list:

No Chapters Name Makki/Madani Verses
1 Al-Fatiha  Makki 7
2 Al-Baqarah Madni 286
3 Ali ‘Imran  Madni 200
4 An-Nisa Madni 176
5 Al-Ma’idah  Madni 120
6 Al-An’am  Makki 165
7 Al-Araf  Makki 206
8 Al-Anfal Madni 75
9 At-Tawbah Madni 129
10 Yunus Makki 109
11 Hud  Makki 123
12 Yusuf  Makki 111
13 Ar-Ra’d Madni 43
14 Ibrahim Makki 52
15 Al-Hijr Makki 99
16 An-Nahl  Makki 128
17 Al-Israa  Makki 111
18 Al-Kahf  Makki 110
19 Maryam  Makki 98
20 Taha Makki 135
21 Al-Anbya Makki 112
22 Al-Hajj Madni 78
23 Al-Mu’minun  Makki 118
24 An-Nur  Madni 64
25 Al-Furqan Makki 77
26 Surah Ash-Shuaraa Makki 227
27 Surah An-Naml  Makki 93
28 Surah Al-Qasas Makki 88
29 Surah Al-Ankabut  Makki 69
30 Surah Ar-Rum Makki 60
31 Surah Luqman  Makki 34
32 Surah As-Sajda  Makki 30
33 Surah Al-Ahzab Madni 73
34 Surah Saba Makki 54
35 Surah Fatir  Makki 45
36 Surah Yasin Makki 83
37 Surah As-Saffat  Makki 182
38 Surah Sad Makki 88
39 Surah Az-Zumar  Makki 75
40 Surah Al-Mumin  Makki 85
41 Surah Ha-Mim  Makki 54
42 Surah Ash-Shura  Makki 53
43 Surah Az-Zukhruf  Makki 89
44 Surah Ad-Dukhan  Makki 59
45 Surah Al-Jathiya  Makki 37
46 Surah Al-Ahqaf  Makki 35
47 Surah Muhammad  Madni 38
48 Surah Al-Fath  Madni 29
49 Surah Al-Hujurat  Madni 18
50 Surah Qaaf Makki 45
51 Surah Az-Zariyat  Makki 60
52 Surah At-Tur  Makki 49
53 Surah An-Najm  Makki 62
54 Surah Al-Qamar  Makki 55
55 Surah Al-Rahman  Madni 78
56 Surah waqiah  Makki 96
57 Surah Al-Hadid  Madni 29
58 Surah Al-Mujadila  Madni 22
59 Surah Al-Hashr  Madni 24
60 Surah Al-Mumtahana  Madni 13
61 Surah As-Saff  Madni 14
62 Surah Al-Jumu’ah  Madni 11
63 Surah Al-Munafiqun  Madni 11
64 Surah At-Tagabun  Madni 18
65 Surah At-Talaq  Madni 12
66 Surah At-Tahrim  Madni 12
67 Surah Al-Mulk  Makki 30
68 Surah Al-Qalam  Makki 52
69 Surah Al-Haqqa  Makki 52
70 Surah Al-Ma’arij  Makki 44
71 Surah Noah  Makki 28
72 Surah Al-Jinn  Makki 28
73 Surah Al-Muzzammil  Makki 20
74 Surah Al-Muddathth  Makki 56
75 Surah Al-Qiyamat  Makki 40
76 Surah Ad-Dahr  Madni 31
77 Surah Al-Mursalat  Makki 50
78 Surah An-Nabaa  Makki 40
79 Surah An-Naziat  Makki 46
80 Surah Abasa  Makki 42
81 Surah At-Takwir  Makki 29
82 Surah Al-Infitar  Makki 19
83 Surah Al-Mutaffife  Makki 36
84 Surah Al-Inshiqaq  Makki 25
85 Surah Al-Buruj  Makki 22
86 Surah At-Tariq  Makki 17
87 Surah Al-Ala  Makki 19
88 Surah Al-Gashiya  Makki 26
89 Surah Al-Fajr  Makki 30
90 Surah Al-Balad  Makki 20
91 Surah Ash-Shams  Makki 15
92 Surah Al-Lail  Makki 21
93 Surah Adh-Dhuha  Makki 11
94 Surah Al-Sharh  Makki 8
95 Surah At Tin  Makki 8
96 Surah Al-Alaq  Makki 19
97 Surah Al-Qadr  Makki 5
98 Surah Al-Baiyina Madni 8
99 Surah Al-Zalzalah Madni 8
100 Surah Al-Adiyat  Makki 11
101 Surah Al-Qaria Makki 11
102 Surah At-Takathur  Makki 8
103 Surah Al-Asr Makki 3
104 Surah Al-Humaza  Makki 9
105 Surah Al-Fil  Makki 5
106 Surah Quraish Makki 4
107 Surah Al-Maun  Makki 7
108 Surah Kausar  Makki 3
109 Surah Al-Kafirun  Makki 6
110 Surah An-Nasr  Madni 3
111 Surah Al-Lahab  Makki 5
112 Surah Al-Ikhlas  Makki 4
113 Surah Al-Falaq  Makki 5
114 Surah An-Nas Makki 6

By now you know the difference between the Meccan and Medinan surahs, and their characteristics. We hope you found the article useful and if you have any questions or need any help drop a comment below and we will be more than glad to help you.  


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