Qalqalah letters are one of the most important rules of tajweed that help us recite Quran correctly and easily.

In order to learn Quran one needs to learn to read Arabic Quran and then learn the various rules of Tajweed. Therefore, today we will learn about one of the most important rules of tajweed which is the qalqalah rules.

What Is Qalqalah?

The word Qalqalah refers to the echoing sound made when pronouncing the Qalqalah letters. The Qalqalah rule is applied when a sukoon sign is found on one of the letters of Qalqalah which we will discover shortly.

Tajweed is used to make Quran recitation easier for us, and if you want to learn more about Tajweed you can read Tajweed Rules.

Which letters are considered Qalqalah letters?

What are Qalqalah letters in Arabic? Qalqalah in Arabic are five letters, here they are and their pronunciation:

letter pronunciation
ق qaaf
ط tah
ب baa
ج jeem
د daal

 

To easily memorize the letters of Qalqalah you can put in the following sentence “قطب جد”, this form will make it much easier to memorize.

Are there any rules or guidelines for using Qalqalah letters in Arabic?

Yes, there are guidelines and rules to follow in order to apply the Qalqalah letters rule. Simply put, the Qalqalah rule is applied when the sukoon sign is found on one of the five letters of Qalqalah and an echoing sound is made. The rule is applied whether the Qalqalah letters are found at the beginning, middle, or end of the word of the word.

Let’s sum it up in simple points, you will apply the Qalqalah rule when the following is found:

  1. one of the letters of Qalqalah is found in the word, the letters are:

ق

ط

ب

ج    

د

  1. the letter must have the Sakin sign on it wherever the letter is. But if the letter has any other sign like Dammah, Tanween, Fatah, or Kasrah then the rule is not applied.

How many types of Qalqalah letters are there?

The Qalqalh letters are five letters and the rules of Qalqalah have three types and they are:

  1. The Lesser Qalqalah (weak): when one of the Qalqalah is found in the middle of the word then a weak echoing sound is made. Here is an example:

في جيدها حبل من مسد

In the above example we can see the Qalqalah letter ب in the middle of the word حبل, and then a weak echoing sound is made.

  1. The Greater Qalqalah (strong): when one of the Qalqalah comes at the end of the word and it has a shaddah on it then a strong echoing sound is made. Here is an example:

تبت يدا أبي لهب وتبّ

In the above example we can see the Qalqalah letter ب at the end of the word وتبّ with a Shaddah on it, then a strong echoing sound is made.

  1. The Intermediate Qalqalah: when one of the Qalaqalah letters comes at the end of the word and it doesn’t have a Shaddah then an echoing sound will be made that is not too strong or too weak. Here is an example:

ما أغنى عنه ماله وما كسب

In the above example we can see the Qalqalah letter ب at the end of the word كسب without a Shaddah, then an Intermediate echoing sound is made.

If you want to learn to recite Quran correctly you can take online Quran classes where you will learn with a highly qualified Quran teacher.

What is the purpose of Qalqalah in Arabic pronunciation?

What is the purpose of Qalqalah rule? Qalqalah is one of the rules of tajweed that is used to help us recite the Quranic verses easily without making any mistakes. Plus, it helps us recite the Quran like our beloved prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to.

The Qalqalah letters are 5 letters and they are “ق , ط , ب , ج , د”. You can memorize them easily by putting them in the sentence “قطب جد”. The purpose of Qalqalah in Arabic pronunciation is that it makes an echoing sound when one of the is found with a sukoon sign on it, and the level of echoing differs based on where it is in the word.

The rule of Qalqalah is applied whether its letters are found at the beginning, middle, or end of the word with a sukoon sound on it. the echoing sound comes from the back of the mouth without moving your jaw.

How does Qalqalah affect the pronunciation of words?

Qalqalah letters make it easier to pronounce the letters. For instance, try to pronounce أط it without making the echoing sound, can you? you will find it impossible to pronounce it without the echoing sound. now, try one more time with the following: أق, it will also be impossible. That is how the Qalqalah letters and rules affect the pronunciation.

When trying to pronounce the letters of Qalqalah without making the echoing sound your tongue will be stuck and you won’t be able to breathe. Or your tongue will slip producing the echoing sound, which is called Qalqalah.

To sum it up, the Qalqalah rule makes it easier for us to pronounce words and letters. You can read Tjweed for beginners to learn more about Tjweed and how to learn them.

What are examples of words with Qalqalah letters?

The Qalqalah rule is applied when one of the Qalqalah letters is found in the word with a sukoon on it. the five letters are: “ق , ط , ب , ج , د”. And  you could put them in the sentence “قطب جد” to memorize them more easily. Now that you understand that let’s take some examples:

(ِAl-Masad: 1) تَبَّتْ يَدَآ أَبِى لَهَبٍۢ وَتَبَّ

(Al-Baqarah: 189) …قُلْ هِىَ مَوَٰقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَٱلْحَجِّ…

(َQaf: 19) …وَجَآءَتْ سَكْرَةُ ٱلْمَوْتِ بِٱلْحَقِّ

(Al-Buruj: 20) وَٱللَّهُ مِن وَرَآئِهِم مُّحِيطٌۢ

(Al-Masad: 2) مَآ أَغْنَىٰ عَنْهُ مَالُهُۥ وَمَا كَسَبَ

(Al-Qiyamah: 29) وَٱلْتَفَّتِ ٱلسَّاقُ بِٱلسَّاقِ

(Qaf: 8) تَبْصِرَةًۭ وَذِكْرَىٰ لِكُلِّ عَبْدٍۢ مُّنِيبٍۢ

(Ya-Sin: 54) فَٱلْيَوْمَ لَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌۭ شَيْـًۭٔا وَلَا تُجْزَوْنَ إِلَّا مَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

(An-Naba: 8) وَخَلَقْنَـٰكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًۭا

 

Sometimes the Sukoon sign will not be written on the Qalqalah letters however the rule is still applied. Why you wonder, do you remember when we said that the rule is applied when its letters are found at the beginning, middle, or end of the word? If it is found at the end of the word and at the end of the verse then the rule is applied even though there is no sukoon sign. Because for many Quran reciters, they don’t stop reading when they end a verse instead, they keep reading. But if you stop at that verse then a Qalqalah sound should be made. Here is an example:

قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ ٱلْفَلَقِ ١

Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak

مِن شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ ٢

from the evil of whatever He has created,

وَمِن شَرِّ غَاسِقٍ إِذَا وَقَبَ ٣

and from the evil of the night when it grows dark,

وَمِن شَرِّ ٱلنَّفَّـٰثَـٰتِ فِى ٱلْعُقَدِ ٤

and from the evil of those ˹witches casting spells by˺ blowing onto knots,

وَمِن شَرِّ حَاسِدٍ إِذَا حَسَدَ ٥

and from the evil of an envier when they envy.” [surah falaq]

In the above example, the Qalqalah letters are colored in red to make it easier for you, at the end of each verse one of the Qalqalah letters is found but they don’t have a sukoon sign just like we stated above.

Conclusion.

Qalqalah letters make it easier for us to pronounce the letters and words. The Qalqalah rule is applied when one of the letters of Qalqalah is found at the beginning, middle, or end of the word with a sukoon sign on it.

However, there is an exception, sometimes the sukoon sign is not found but the rule is still applied like in surah Falaq. We explained above that this happens when the letter is found at the end of a verse, and the sukoon sign is not written because some Quran readers choose to continue reading and not stopping on each verse, but when stopping an echoing sound should be made.

Now we know the different Qalqalah letters and more. We hope you found what you were looking for, and if you like the article share it with your family and friends, and don’t hesitate and drop a comment below.

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