In this article, we will talk about the conquests of the Prophet Muhammad and the history of the Islamic religion, let’s get started.
When was Islam founded? The beginning of Islam can be traced back to 610 A.D. Islam started in Mecca, which is now known as Saudi Arabia. What are the conquests of the Prophet Muhammad?
It’s now one of the largest religions in the world. It comes as the second-largest religion after Christianity, with more than 1.8 billion Muslims. It started in Mecca when the prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) got his first revelation as he saw the angel Jibril.
The top 10 Countries with the Largest Number of Muslims are as follows:
- Indonesia (231,000,000)
- Pakistan (212,300,000)
- India (200,000,000)
- Bangladesh (153,700,000)
- Nigeria (95,000,000–103,000,000)
- Egypt (85,000,000–90,000,000)
- Iran (82,500,000)
- Turkey (74,432,725)
- Algeria (41,240,913)
- Sudan (39,585,777)
Prophet Muhammad was born in the town of Mecca in the year 570, his father was Abd Allah bin Al-Muttalib and his mother was Amina bint Wahb. He was raised by a nurse named Halima. Muhammad’s peace and blessing be upon him is the last prophet, and he came with the Islamic religion.
The prophet’s peace and blessing be upon him was known for his honesty and being trustful. Even before being the prophet, people always trusted him. Being honest was rare at that time in Arabia. Because they were all merchants that always deceived customers to gain more money. The prophet was not like them he was honest with his customers, and he was loyal whilst conducting trade.
Prophet Muhammad lived a very simple life even though he had the opportunity to take whatever he wants. He had access to all the resources he needed to live like a rich man. But he chose not to. He preferred to take care of the ones in need and feed the poor even if he won’t have anything left for himself. And he always took the opinion of his followers in policymaking and leading the ummah. He never forced his opinion on others.
For example, during the Battle of the Trench, he actively took advice from his followers. He took Hazrat Salman Farsi’s advice of digging a strategic trench to gain an advantage over the enemy.
Because he listened to them, they made a great strategy that resulted in making Muslims win the battle of the trench. From this we learn that we should ask people for their advice and listen to them, this will not make us less than them or anything. On the contrary, it will help us come up with a better decision.
How many battles did the prophet fight?
All the battles started after the hijrah, the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) fought in nine battles. The nine battles are:
Badr, ‘Uhud, Al-Khandaq, Quraydhah, Al-Mustaliqh, Khaybar, Al-Fath (the conquering of Makkah), ‘Hunayn, and Ta’if. Also, some say that the prophet also fought against Bani An-Nadhir (a Jewish tribe) and at Al-Ghabah and Wadi al-Qura’, which was a suburb of Khaybar.
The total number of Ghazwat is twenty-nine, there are three kinds of battles ghazwat, bu’uth, and Saraya. Ghazwat is used to name the battles that the prophet led himself. While the battles that the prophet didn’t attend are called ‘bu’uth or Saraya.
Some of the major Ghazwat were mentioned in the Holy Quran like Surah Al-Anfal which was revealed about ghazwa Badr. And the last part of Surah Ali-‘Imran is about ghazwa ‘Uhud. Allah said:
“And (remember) when you [Muhammad peace and blessing be upon him] left your household in the morning to post the believers at their stations for the battle.”
Surah Al-Ahzab was revealed about ghazwa Al-Khandaq, Quraydhah, and Khaybar. Surah Al-Hashr (59) was revealed about Bani An-Nadhir, Al-Fath about Al-Hudaybiyyah, and the battle of Khaybar. The conquest of Meccah is mentioned twice in the Holy Quran, in surah Al-Fath, and in Surah An-Nasr.
The prophet was wounded in the battle of Uhud, at the beginning, the Muslims were outnumbered but even though they were winning and the Quraish army started to retreat. But everything changed at the last minute. When the archer regiment left their position to go after the belongings that the disbelievers left behind. This was when everything fell apart, the Quraish army took the opportunity and attacked the Muslims, gaining the upper hand and causing many losses to the Muslim army.
How did the prophet conquer Mecca?
The prophet’s conquest to make is said to be the eighth year of Hijrah in the month of Ramadan. But why did the battle happen in the first place?
The Quraish people of Makkah signed a ten-year truce called the Treaty of Al-Hudaybiyah (Sulah Hudaybiayah) with the Muslims of Medinah. However, the Quraish broke the contract as they broke the peace and attacked the tribe of Khuzaah.
When the prophet heard about the attack he ordered his companions to prepare for war. And on the 8th of Ramadan the prophet with the largest Muslim army of 10,000 companions started their way to Makkah.
When they camped near Makkah the prophet asked the men to spread out and light fire. When the leader of the Quraish Abu Sufyan and some of his men saw the fire they headed toward it to see the number of the Muslim army. After they saw a large number of the Muslim army they went back to Makkah and Abu Sufyan said:
“O Quraish, this is Muhammad who has come to you with a force you cannot resist.” After the Makkans heard that they chose to surrender and didn’t try to stop the Muslim army.
How did the prophet conquer?
The prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) gave a strict order to not start a fight only fight back if you must as he announced the day to be the day of mercy.
The conquest of Mecca.
The prophet divided the army into four groups each group will pass through one of the four entry routes to Makkah. These were from the northwest, the southwest, the south, and the northeast.
The Muslims managed to enter Macca on Monday, the 18th of Ramadan, and the 8th of Hijrah. It was a peaceful battle as most of the Makkan’s army chose to surrender. Only one group of the Muslim army had to fight, the group was led by Khalid ibn Al-Walid. They were attacked by a group of fighters from the Makkan’s army. They attacked them with swords and bows so the Muslims fought back but after a short time, the Quraish people surrendered.
Which countries did Prophet Muhammad conquer?
During the life of the prophet Muhammed, he conquered Mecca and Arabia. After the prophet’s death, the Caliphs conquered the entire Persian empire and much of the Byzantine. The countries they conquered include Egypt, Syria, Iran, Iraq, and much of Afghanistan and Baluchistan.